Tucked away in the foothills of the Himalayas, the Jim Corbett National Park is rich in not only wildlife, but also history. The oldest national park in the country and the first member of the wonderful Project Tiger initiative, Corbett provides safe haven to the royal Bengal tiger as well as leopards, golden jackals and many more creatures of the wild.
India’s first national park, and covers 1318 sq km of wild forests. It’s named for legendary British hunter Jim Corbett, who brought this region international fame with his book The Man Eaters of Kumaon. Greatly revered by local people for killing tigers that preyed on people, Corbett eventually shot more wildlife with his camera than with his gun and became a prominent voice for conservation.
Nestled amidst the dense and rugged settings of Nainital district in Uttarakhand, this wildlife abode is one of the pioneer projects to protect the majestic Bengal Tigers
Fringed with the gurgling Ramganga River, numerous ridges and plateaus, the park serves as an ideal abode to a kaleidoscopic range of flora and fauna. While the abundance of water bodies and the favourable climatic conditions supports the growth and nurture of different types of flora species, it finally results in all the required conditions for the significant wildlife population of the park.
The park is located in the foothills of the Himalayas about 50 km northwest of Ramnagar, the park headquarters—and lies at elevations ranging from some 1,260 to 3,610 feet. It mainly occupies the broad Patlidoon Valley, through which the Ramganga River flows in a westerly direction. The river was dammed at the western end of the park to form a large reservoir in the centre of the reserve area and along the western side of the park that is used for sport fishing. The forest cover includes species of sal (Shorea), teak, oak, silver fir, spruce, cypress, birch, and bamboo. A reed forest was planted to afford natural cover for the park’s animals.